|c:||cd /c (your actual c drive cd /mnt/c)|
|ren||mv (there is no rename, just move)|
|del||rm (there are lots of options. WARNING `rm` can delete everything so use with care.|
vi - View contents of a file, to exit :q!
The vi command in Bash for Windows runs vim which is a crazy but powerful editor and too much to go into here
top - shows the cpu and memory usage of running processes
ps - shows running processes
grep - Search the output of a command
ps | grep node would list the lines of the output of ps that have node in them
There are of course loads more ask I can put them up. I'll add more as I think of them.